Oral Contraceptives: Oral contraceptives reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, and longer-term use provides a greater reduction in ovarian cancer risk than shorter-term use. Although oral contraceptives can have a range of health effects, decisions about the use of oral contraceptives should be made on an individual basis, in consultation with a health care professional.
Diet: The relationship between diet and cancer remains uncertain about whether and how diet affects the risk of ovarian cancer. Nevertheless, Women are advised to follow general recommendations for a healthy diet: eat a diet that’s rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables; limit intake of red or processed meat; limit alcohol intake to 3 drinks/week; and choose foods that help you maintain a healthy weight.
Exercise: As is the case for diet, the relationship between exercise and ovarian cancer remains uncertain. But regardless of whether it reduces the risk of ovarian cancer, exercise provides many other important health benefits, such as a reduced risk of heart disease and colon cancer. Your doctor can help you find an exercise program that’s right for you.